Wooded rural landscapes of Central and Eastern Europe conference


  • Chief Nature Conservator in the Ministry of the Environment

  • Mr Jarosław Gowin, Minister of Science and Higher Education

  • International Scientific Committee on Cultural Landscapes

  • Patronat medialny Polskiego Radia Rzeszów

  • Katolickie Radio Via

  • Honorowy Patronat J.M. Rektora Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, prof. dr hab. Sylwestra Czopka

  • Patronat Honorowy Ministra Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi

  • Honorowy Patronat Prezydenta Miasta Rzeszów

  • Honorowy Patronat Marszałka Województwa Podkarpackiego

  • Carpathian Convention

Thematic framework

Thematic framework

Wooded rural landscapes are an invaluable natural and cultural legacy of Central and Eastern Europe. A concentration on particular, strictly classified natural sites or plant communities, national and European conservation systems ignores, neglects or undervalues the meta-systems of dynamic rural landscapes dependent on the multiple traditional use of land. Intensive farming and modern forestry, accompanied by the development of conservation models based on segregated land-uses, mean that there are now ‘hard’ boundaries, both philosophically and physically, between spatial units of economic or conservation interest. Despite the increasing knowledge of the role of dynamic processes in the well-being of populations and ecosystems, these boundaries cause substantial reduction of horizontal movements of species. As a result, what had once developed as highly dynamic patchy landscapes, have started to shift towards mostly static and much simplified spatial patterns. In addition, the boundaries discourage researchers from seeing the landscape as a whole; instead, they may concentrate on just what happens inside one patch or type of patch.


The conference aims at fostering interdisciplinary discussion and analysis. We seek to encourage the sharing of knowledge from researchers studying wooded rural landscapes and representing from across disciplines: from taxonomy and ecology, from paleo-ecology and environmental history, from ethno-ecology, from spatial planning and landscape architecture, from land use economy involving ecosystem services. We believe such a platform will provide a theoretical foundation for the development of a new management and conservation approach that is essential for sustaining the richness and values of wooded rural landscapes in Central and Eastern Europe.

Thematic scope:

  • Wooded pastures and silvo-pastoral woods: their status in contemporary Europe (abundance and geographic distribution, syntaxonomic status, conservation); ecology (including ecological history, paleoecology, processes and factors); their biodiversity; how they will fare under climate change
  •  Local and traditional knowledge connected to wooded rural landscapes: gathering and using the wisdom of farmers, herders, conservationists or others
  • Wooded landscapes in contemporary land use economy and policies: what does modern farming and forestry, tourism and recreation, nature conservation, landscape architecture and spatial planning need from these systems.
  • Towards future sustainable social-ecological systems: assessment of ecosystem services in the region, the cultural heritage: threats and opportunities in eco-development.


20-22 September Programme

19 Sep (Tue)

16.00 – 20.00      Checking-in

20 Sep (Wed)

7.30 – 9.30          Checking-in

8.00 – 8.45          Breakfast

9.00 – 9.30          Welcome, introduction and practical issues


  9.30 – 10.00      The marriage of the kaleidoscope of grasslands, shrubs and trees with large grazing mammals –Vera F.W.M. (key-note), Netherlands

10.00 – 10.15      The Man’s Old Faithful Oaks. How do Q. robur and Q. petraea cope with the modern landscape changes? – Bobiec A., Pilch K., Ziobro J.M., Korol M., Havrylyuk S. et al., University of Rzeszów, Poland; Ukrainian National Forestry University, Ukraine

10.15 – 10.30      Fire management in past and present rural landscapes – Swedish and Polish examples – Zin E., Niklasson  M., Forest Research Institute, Poland; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

10.30 – 11.45      Stating the Obvious. Vera Circles, Patterns in Nature – Green T., United Kingdom

10.45 – 11.00      Q&A, discussion

11.00 – 11.15      Coffee break

11.15 – 11.30      Small woodland and trees as a component of traditional agricultural landscape in Slovakia – Štefunková D., Špulerová J., Dobrovodská M., Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovakia

11.30 – 11.45      Factors affecting the occurrence of woodpeckers Picidae in forests in rural landscape of SE Poland – Michalczuk J., University of Rzeszów, Poland

11.45 – 12.00      Comparative analyses of ant assemblages (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in oak associated habitats - A case study from Eastern Europe (Transylvania, Romania) – Tăușan I., Muraru I., Chisalom M., Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Romania

12.00 – 12.15      Remnants of former wood pastures in the Carpathians are key habitats for many lichens inhabiting old-growth forests – Czarnota P., University of Rzeszów, Poland

12.15 – 12.30      From wood pasture to forest. Structure of the breeding bird community in variegated treed landscapes – Mitrus C., Szabó J., University of Rzeszów, Poland; Sânpaul Ornithological Reserve, Romania

12.30 – 12.55      Q&A, discussion

13.15 – 14.00      Mid-day meal



14.15 – 14.45      The history of wooded landscapes: how to study it and why should we care? – Szabó P. (key-note), Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic

14.45 – 15.00      Using old trees from wood-pastures in land use change dynamics: Case study from southern Transylvania – Luntraru D. G., Hartel R. T., Baciu C.,  Babeș-Bolyai University; Sapeintia University, Romania

15.00 – 15.15       Ancient treescapes in the UK – heritage, landscape and biodiversity lessons from surviving ancient trees – Buttler J., United Kingdom

15.15 – 12.25      Q&A, discussion

15.25 – 15.40      Coffee break

15.40 – 15.55     The beginnings of mobile husbandry in the mountain periphery of south-eastern Poland. The case of the High Biedszczady Mts – Pelisiak A., University of Rzeszów, Poland

15.55 – 16.10     The heritage of traditional crafts – ‘joint venture’ of cultural landscape, knowledge and skills – Sołtysik A., University of Rzeszów, Poland

16.10 – 16.20      Q&A, discussion

16.20 – 17.20      Poster session with coffee break

18.00 – 21.00      Downtown sightseeing, dinner, return by public transportation


21 Sep (Thu)

7.00 – 7.40          Breakfast + take-out packed lunch

7.45                     Departure for Kalwaria Pacławska (ca. 110 km)

10.00 – 13.00      Ca. 5.5-km-long field walk through partly rough gravel paths and grasslands in hilly terrain, relative altitudes ~ 50 m; three in-field stops for demonstrations and discussion

13.30 – 14.15      Mid-day meal in the local cafeteria

14.30 – 15.00      Visiting the Sanctuary of the Lord’s Passion and Saint Mary

15.15 – 15.35      Land ownership as a key determinant of long-term landscape dynamics – Affek A., Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland

15.35 – 16.45       Panel discussion with invited stake-holders

17.00                   Departure

18.00 - 20.00       Traditional dinner in the regional inn

21.00                   Return to the campus

22 Sep (Fri)

8.00 – 8.45          Breakfast


9.00 – 9.30          Wild edible plants in semi-wooded landscapes: from fields, meadows

or from woodlands? – Łuczaj Ł. (key-note), University of Rzeszów, Poland

9.30 – 9.45          Generation to generation: past, present and future of wood pastures in Hungary – Varga A., Bódis J., Varjú S., Samu Z. T., Saláta D. et al., Hungarial Academy of Sciences, Hungary

9.45 – 10.00       Ecosystem services of trees and woodland vegetation connected to drainage canal systems of intensively utilized agricultural landscape – Spulerova J., Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovakia

10.00 – 10.15      Agroforestry systems in Poland. The case study of silvopastoral systems as innovative and traditional knowledge-based way of farming in Poland on soils of low agricultural suitability – Borek R., State Research Institute (IUNG-PIB), Poland

10.15 – 10.30      Q&A, discussion

10.30 – 10.50     Coffee break


10.50 – 11.10      Wooded rural landscapes: how do we make the best of the past relevant for the future? – Kirby K. (key-note), University of Oxford, United Kingdom

11.10 – 11.30      Permanent grassland:  a challenge for the current and future CAP – Furlan A., DG Agriculture and rural development, European Commission

11.30 – 11.45      The restoration of wooded pastures. The case of the Park of the Apennine Landscape of Moscheta (Tuscany) – Tredici M., Emanueli F., Santoro A., Agnoletti M., University of Florence, Italy

11.45 – 12.00      Q&A, discussion

12.00 – 12.30      Poster session with coffee break

12.30 – 12.45      Micro-Reserves as a Tool for Biodiversity Conservation in Latvia: Challenges and Opportunities – Baranovskis G., University of Latvia, Latvia

12.45 - 13.00       Importance and Utilization of Obsolete Varieties and Landraces of Apples (Malus domestica), Pears (Pyrus communis) and Chestnut (Castanea sativa) Pastures for Preserving Values of the Cultural Landscape in Slovakia – Pástor M., Jakubec B., Uherková A., Technical University in Zvolen, Slovakia

13.00 – 13.15      The effects of forestry treatments on microclimate, regeneration and biodiversity – Ódor P., Kovács B., Tinya F., Aszalós R., Boros G. et al., Hungarian Academy of Sciences; Pilisi Parkerdő Ltd., Hungary

13.15 – 13.30      Q&A, discussion

13.45 – 14.30      Mid-day meal

15.00 – 17.00      Short bus trip to Lisia Góra nature reserve (near downtown): The Lisia Góra reserve in Rzeszów: protecting forest succession or restoring wooded pasture? – presentation (Ćwik A., Wójcik T., Ziaja M., Gajdek A., Bobiec A., University of Rzeszów, Poland) and discussion

18.00 – 18.30      Shutting down the Polish part of the conference

19.00                   Dinner

Poster Session of 20 and 22 September


  • Different sampling methods reveal high taxa richness of insect assemblages in oak associated habitats – A case study from Eastern Europe (Transylvania, Romania) – Tăuşan I., Trincă L., Blezu S., Popescu M., Pintilioaie A., Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Romania; Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Romania
  • Potential of oak (Quercus robur) regeneration in the rural landscape of the Carpathian foothills in SE Poland. The case of PLH180012 Natura 2000 site – Bobiec A., Koziarz M., University of Rzeszów, Poland
  • The biological potential of field edges in terms of integrated plant protection – Bennewicz J., Barczak T., Kaczorowski G., Krasicka-Korczyńska E., Błażejewicz-Zawadzińska M., UTP University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • The diversity of ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in stands representing rural landscape of Pacław (SE Poland) and Ivanivka (SW Ukraine) – Olbrycht T., Kucharska M., University of Rzeszów, Poland
  • Protected and rare species of beetles in rural wooded landscapes of Pacław (SE Poland) and Ivanivka (SW Ukraine) – Olbrycht T., Kucharska M., University of Rzeszów, Poland
  • Changes in interactions between woody species spreading on abandoned  mountain meadows in the East CarpathiansDurak T., Żywiec M., Łopata B., University of Rzeszów, Poland; Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
  • Brown world forests: Increased ungulate browsing keeps temperate trees in recruitment bottlenecks in resource hotspots Churski M., Bubnicki J.W., Jędrzejewska B., Kuijper D.P.J., Mammal Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, Waszkiewicza 1, 17-230 Białowieża, Poland
  • Biodiversity of aphids in different wooded rural landscapes of Poland - Roma Durak1 , Beata Borowiak-Sobkowiak2, Paweł Trzciński2, 1Department of Zoology, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszów, Poland, 2Department of Entomology and Environmental Protection, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poznan, Poland 
  • Studying the effects of extensive grazing on the vegetation in forests and marshes – an invitation – Öllerer K., Varga A., Demeter L., Babai D., Biró M. et al., Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary; Sapientia University, Romania


    • Persistent rural landscape relicts and their relevance to cultural heritage: case study of Zubrnice, CzechiaDolejš M., Nádvorník J., Raška P., Czech University of Life Sciences; Jan Evangelista Purkyně University in Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic
    • Contrast between land-use classes in the mid 19th century in Czechia – Forejt M., Raška P., Dolejš M., Czech University of Life Sciences; Jan Evangelista Purkyně University in Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic


    • The tree. Changes in the perception of inhabitants of Subcarpathian voivodeship villages in last 150 years – Gajdek A., Wójcik A., University of Rzeszów, Poland
    • Traditional ecological knowledge about grasslands of local farmers in North-Eastern Poland – Sucholas J., University of Rzeszów, Poland


    • Innovative and sustainable intensification of integrated food and non-food systems in Europe – Borek R., State Research Institute (IUNG-PIB), Poland
    • Building Agroforestry Network in Poland – first experiences – Borek R., State Research Institute (IUNG-PIB), Poland


    Optional study trip to Hungarian silvo-pastoral oak woods (23–25 September)

    23 Sep (Sat)

    7:00 Beakfast

    8:00 Departure from Rzeszów – 14:00-15:00 expected arrival time to Eger  

    Afternoon programme

    Accommodation  in Eger.Tourist Motel

    Sightseeing: Eger Castle, baroque Líceum, Dobó Square

    Early dinner near to the accomodation place in the centre of Eger, at Restaurant Dorner, traditional Hungarian dishes

    Evening programme

    18:00- bus trip to the Almagyar Cardinal’s Vineyardwine tasting

    24 Sep (Sun)

    The whole day field study trip to the wood-pastures near Cserépfalu (Bükk Mts.)

    7:30-8:30 Breakfast at the Dorner Restaurant, Eger

    Bus trip to Cserépfalu.

    Whole day field trip at Cserépfalu wood-pastures

    • Nature conservation and wood-pasture management in the Bükk National Park
    • Panel discussion in the field Bio-cultural diversity of wood-pasture maintenance in practice – landscape history, management and future challenges - chaired by Anna Varga (MTA ÖK)
    • Mid-day meal in the field
    • Wood-pasture left for free development as a part of the natural forest dynamics – the Kecskés-Galya Forest Reserve (Ferenc Horváth – Katalin Mázsa, MTA ÖK) 
    • Entomological studies at Cserépfalu wood pastures (László Somay – Réka Ádám MTA ÖK)
    • ~10 km field walk: partly rough gravel paths and grasslands in hilly terrain, relative altitudes ~200 m; with several stops for demonstrations and discussion
    • Evening dinner at Remete Restaurant, Hór-völgy Visiting Centre; Menu: http://hoorvolgyi-remete.hu/etlap

    25 Sep (Mon)

    7:30-8:30 Breakfast at the Dorner Restaurant, Eger

    8:45-12:00 Study trip under the leadership of the expert of the Bükk National Park to other wood-pastures  int he Bükk NP:

    Departure to Rzesów or direct transfer to the Liszt Ferenc Airport (Budapest)

    Contact person for panel discussion: Anna Varga (varga.anna@okologia.mta.hu)

    Contact person for study trip organization: Katalin Mázsa (mazsa.katalin@okologia.mta.hu)

    Homepage of Bükk National Park

    Eger official site

    We kindly remind that meals in the Hungarian part of the conference are not covered by the fee. Therefore, we we would like to suggest studying the provided menus and considering the meals/drinks additional expenses. Hungarian currency is Forint (HUF). Cash can be withdrawn from ATMs, or on most occasions paying cards are accepted.

    Slight modifications of the programme are possible.

    The language of the conference:

    Although the conference language is English, the organizers will provide basic interpretation/communication support (in Polish, Hungarian, Romanian and Ukrainian) to colleagues who request such need ahead the registration deadline. For details, please contact Dr Agata Ćwik, University of Rzeszów, e-mail: woodscapes@ur.edu.pl​

    Scientific Committee

    Scientific Committee

    • Per Angelstam – landscape ecology and planning, ecosystem services valuation, biodiversity; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
    • Andrzej Bobiec – woodland ecology; University of Rzeszów
    • Zdzisław Budzyński – modern history of Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe, statistics of demography; University of Rzeszów
    • Tibor Hartel – social-ecological systems, wood-pastures; Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania
    • Keith Kirby – temperate forest ecology, management and conservation; grazing in wooded systems; Oxford University
    • Jacek Kozak – land use and land cover change, GIS, remote sensing; Jagiellonian University
    • Łukasz Łuczaj – ethnobotany and ethnomycology, University of Rzeszów 
    • Katalin Mázsa - botanical and stand surveys/monitoring; forest historical studies; Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    • GMJ (Frits) Mohren – forest ecology, forest management and economics; Wageningen University
    • Zsolt Molnár – ethnoecology; Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    • Péter Ódor – botany, ecology; Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    • Kinga Öllerer – landscape ecology, conservation biology; Romanian Academy
    • Andrzej Pelisiak – landscape archeology (Neolithic and Early Bronze); paleoeconomy; paleosociology; University of Rzeszów
    • Tobias Plieninger – ecosystem services in cultural landscapes; University of Copenhagen
    • Tomasz Samojlik – environmental history; Polish Academy of Sciences
    • Péter Szabó – historical ecology; Czech Academy of Sciences
    • Dagmar Štefunková – traditional agrarian landscapes; Institute of Landscape Ecology of SAS, Bratislava
    • Anna Varga - ethnoecology; Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    • Frans Vera – grazing ecology and forest history; Netherlands
    Organizing Committee

    Organizing Committee

    • Andrzej Bobiec (chair) e-mail: a_bobiec [at] ur.edu.pl
    • Paweł Czarnota
    • Zbigniew Czerniakowski
    • Agata Ćwik
    • Agata Gajdek
    • Idalia Kasprzyk
    • Katalin Mázsa
    • Kamil Pilch
    • Małgorzata Pociask
    • Anna Varga
    • Agnieszka Wójcik
    • Magdalena Wójcik
    Conference presentations

    Conference presentations

    Published abstract (click to preview content). Authorssort descending Abstract file
    Land ownership landscape dynamics Affek, Andrzej
    Potential of Quercus robur regeneration Bobiec, Andrzej and Magdalena Koziarz
    The Man’s Old Faithful Oaks Bobiec, Andrzej et al.
    Building agroforestry network in Europe Borek, Robert and Anna Jedrejek
    Innovative and sustainable intensification Borek, Robert and Anna Jedrejek
    Ancient treescapes in the UK - lessons from survivors Butler, Jill
    Ancient treescapes in the UK - lessons from survivors - background info Butler, Jill
    Brown world forests - increased ungulate browsing Churski, Marcin
    Remnants of former wood pastures Czarnota, Paweł
    Persistent rural landscape relicts Czech Republic Dolejs, Martin et al.
    Contrast between land-use classes 19 c. Czechia Forejt, Michal et al.
    Permanent grassland current and future CAP Furlan, Andrea
    Changes in the perception... trees Gajdek, Agata
    Stating the obvious - Vera circles Patterns in Nature Green, Ted
    Keeping the best of the past for the future Kirby, Keith
    Using old trees in land use change dynamics Luntraru, Dragos et al.
    Factors affecting the occurence of woodpeckers Michalczuk, Jerzy
    Role of land use vegetation dynamics Carpathian Basin Holocene Molnar, Abel
    The diversity of ground beetles Olbrycht, Tomasz and Monika Kucharska
    Protected and rare beetles Olbrycht, Tomasz and Monika Kucharska
    Studying the effects of grazing in forests and marshes Ollerer, Kinga et al.
    Importance and Utilization of Obsolete Varieties Pastor, Michal et al
    Welcome to the Bukk National Park Schmotzer, András
    The heritage of traditional crafts Soltysik, Anna
    Ecosystem services of trees and wooodland vegetation drainage systems Spulerova, Jana et al.
    Small woodland and trees traditional agricultural landscape Stefunkova, Dagmar et al.
    Traditional ecological knowledge about grasslands Poland Sucholas, Joanna
    Comparative analyses of ant assemblages Tausan, Ioan et al.
    Different sampling methods reveal high taxa richness Tausan, Ioan et al.
    Different sampling methods reveal high taxa richness Tausan, Ioan et al.
    The restoration of wooded pastures, Tuscany Tredici, Martina et al.
    The marriage between grassland, shrub, tree, grazing Vera, Frans
    Our Partners

    Our Partners

    • Regionalna Dyrekcja Ochrony Środowiska w Rzeszowie

    • Rural Landscapes: Society, Environment, History

    • Stowarzyszenie Polskich Architektów Krajobrazu

    • International Association for Landscape Ecology

    • Bükk National Park

    The venue

    The venue

    Check route on Google Maps
    Conference location - details

    Conference location - details

    Contact details & Address